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Date : 09-22-13

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Writings Comparison

Below are different Hmong writing systems with Romanized Popular Alphabets. The three columns to the right are aligned with the first column on the left, the Hmong American writing system. For example, under Keeb (Consonants), the consonant "j" for the three writing systems in China sounds the same as the consonant "c" in the Hmong American writing system. Please note that not everything here is aligned correctly. In the months ahead HLI will work closely with Hmong linguists in China to make sure everything here is as accurate as possible. 

Keeb (Consonants): 

 

Ntawv Hmoob
Mes Kas

Hmongb Ndeud
Xeev Yuj Naj

Ndeud Hmub
Xeev Kim Tsawb

Ndeud Xongb
Xeev Huj Naj

c

j

j

j

ch

q

q

q

d

 

 

 

dh

 

 

 

dl

dl

 

 

dlh

tl

 

 

f

f

 

f

g

ngg

 

ng

h

h

h

h

hl

hl

hl

hl

hm

hm

hm

hm

hml

 

 

 

hn

hn

hn

hn

hny

hny

 

 

k

g

g

g

kh

k

k

k

l

l

l

l

m

m

m

m

ml

 

 

ml 

n

n

n

n

nc

nj

 

nj

nch

nq

 

nq

nk

ng

 

ngg

nkh

nk

 

nk

np

nb

nb

nb

nph

np

 

np

npl

nbl

 

nbl

nplh

npl

 

npl

nq

ngh

 

ngh

nqh

nkh

 

nkh

nr

ndr

 

nzh

nrh

ntr

 

 

nt

nd

 

nd

nth

nt

 

nt

nts

nzh

 

 

ntsh

nch

 

nch

ntx

nz

 

nz

ntxh

nc

 

 

ny

ny

 

nh

p

b

b

b

ph

p

p

p

pl

bl

 

bl

plh

pl

 

pl

q

gh

 

gh

qh

kh

 

kh

r

dr

 

zh

rh

tr

 

 

s

sh

 

sh

t

d

d

d

th

t

t

t

ts

zh

 

 

tsh

ch

 

ch

tx

z

 

z

txh

c

 

c

v

v

v

v

x

s

 

s

xy

x

 

x

y

y

y

y

z

r

 

r

 

w

w

w

 

 

Suab (Vowels):

 

Ntawv Hmoob Mes kas

Hmongb Ndeud Xeev Yuj Naj

Ndeud Hmub
Xeev Kim Tsawb

Ndeud Xongb
Xeev Huj Naj

a

a

a

a

aa

ang

ang

ang

ai

ai

ai

 

au

ou

ao

ao

aw

eu

e

ou

e

e

ee, ei

e

ee

en

en

en

i

i

i

i

ia

 

ia

ia

o

ao

o, io

o? 

oo

ong

ong

ong

u

o

u

u

ua

ua

ua

ua

w

u

iu?

eu

 

an

 

an

 

 

 

ea

 

 

ei

ei

 

er

 

 

 

 

 

eu

 

ian

 

ian

 

iang

iang

iang

 

iao

iao

iao

 

ie

ie

ie

 

 

 

iea

 

 

iee

 

 

 

 

ieu

 

in

in

in (ien)

 

io

io

io

 

 

iong

iong

 

 

 

iou

 

iu

iu

iu

 

uai

uai

 

 

uan

 

uan

 

uang

uang

 

 

ue

 

ue

 

 

 

uea

 

 

 

ueu

 

 

ui

ui (uei)

 

un

un

 

 

 

 

uou

 

 

Cim (Tones):

 

Ntawv Hmoob
Mes Kas

Hmongb Ndeud
Xeev Yuj Naj

Ndeud Hmub
Xeev Kim Tsawb

Ndeud Xongb
Xeev Huj Naj

--

t

b

b

 

 

f (similar to k)

 

b

b

x

t

m

f

t

 

j

x

k

x

v

d

d

d

s

k

l

l

g

s

s

s

d

 

 

 

 

l